Africa’s livestock sector unsustainable: Malabo report
Panel submits 11 recommendations for transforming the sector
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The Malabo Montpellier Panel has concluded in its report that Africa will be unable to meet demand for meat and milk by 2050 and benefit from growth in the livestock sector unless countries adopt new policies and methods.
Meat consumption per capita across Africa is expected to increase from 19 kg to 26 kg per annum by 2050 while demand for milk is likely to increase from 44 kg per person per year to 64 kg. Based on these estimates, the continent will have to import 20 percent of the beef, pork, poultry and milk needed by an estimated population of 2.2 billion in 2050.
The panel highlighted options for promoting sustainable growth in the livestock sector, drawing on the experiences of Ethiopia, Mali, South Africa, and Uganda in terms of institutional and policy innovation as well as programmatic interventions. It also looked at the challenges facing Africa’s livestock sector ranging from feed quality to animal health and food safety issues.
The report has made 11 recommendations covering policy, trade and finance, resolving conflict between pastoralists and crop farmers, harmonizing regulations and recognizing the rights of herders along with creating financial services such as livestock insurance.